Tree diversity, distribution, history and change in urban parks: studies in Bangalore, India

Nagendra, Harini and Gopal, Divya (2011) Tree diversity, distribution, history and change in urban parks: studies in Bangalore, India. Urban Ecosystems, 14 (2). pp. 211-223.

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Urban parks constitute critical biodiversity hotspots in crowded, concretedominated city environments. Despite the importance, they remain little researched. This paper assesses the biodiversity and distribution of trees in urban parks in the southern Indian city of Bangalore. 127 plots were used to survey tree distribution in parks across the city. The distribution is largely dominated by a few common species. The proportion of exotic species was very high, with 77% of trees belonging to introduced species. Park history had an impact on distribution. Old parks had fewer but larger trees, and greater species diversity compared to recently established parks. Old parks also differed in species composition, having a greater proportion of large canopy trees compared to young parks. Examination of size distributions revealed that large canopied species were gradually being phased out, and replaced by narrow and medium sized tree species which are easier to maintain, but which may not provide the same environmental and ecological benefits. Greater attention requires to be paid to the selection of trees in cities, not just with a view to easy maintenance as is currently the case, but to select an appropriate mix of trees that supports biodiversity and maximizes environmental and ecosystem services.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cities . Green spaces . India . Urban biodiversity . Urban ecology
Subjects: C Publications by ATREEians > G Journal Papers
Divisions: Publications by ATREEians > Journal Papers
Depositing User: Users 12 not found.
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2014 10:54
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2014 10:54

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