Genetic Diversity of Medicinal Plant Species in Deciduous Forest of South India: Impact of Harvesting and other Anthropogenic Pressures

Uma Shaanker, R and Ganeshaiah, KN and Nageswara Rao, M (2001) Genetic Diversity of Medicinal Plant Species in Deciduous Forest of South India: Impact of Harvesting and other Anthropogenic Pressures. Journal of Plant Biology, 28 (1). pp. 91-97.

[img] Text
JPB_shaanker_vol.28_no.1_2001.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (3MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

A rich repository of medicinal plants are used by various indigenous health care systems in the Indian subcontinent. Over the years, there has been an extensive extraction of the medicinal plants from their natural habitats rendering many of them rare, endangered or threatened . It is feared that unless urgent measures are taken to conserve the genetic resources of the medicinal plant species, the genetic variability of many of the species would be irreversibly lost. We examined the impact of anthropogenic pressures on the regeneration and genetic diversity of two medicinally important plant species, Termillalia bellirica and Terminalia chebula in the deciduous forest of south India . Three levels of disturbance namely control, mildly and highly disturbed regions were identified in the forest based on their proximity to human settlement, extent of fore st stand and the extent of harvesting. Our studies showed that populations close to human settlements had relatively less proportion of small size class individuals compared to populations away from the settlements. While there was no discernible pattern in the genetic diversity parameters of the various populations, there appeared to be significant differentiation of the populations in the two species across the disturbance levels, suggesting that extraction of the medicinal plants may have altered the genetic structure of the populations. We discuss the results of our study in the context of the need to conserve and manage the genetic resources of medicinally important plant species in the country.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Society of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Terminalia bellirica , Terminalia chebula genetic diversity, isozyme analysis, anthropogenic pressure.
Subjects: C Publications by ATREEians > G Journal Papers
Divisions: Publications by ATREEians > Journal Papers
Depositing User: Eprints Admin
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2016 07:07
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2016 07:07
URI: http://eprints.atree.org/id/eprint/421

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item