The political ecology of Jatropha plantations for biodiesel in TamilNadu, India

Ariza-Montobbio, Pere and Lele, Sharachchandra and Kallis, Giorgos and Martinez-Alier, Joan (2010) The political ecology of Jatropha plantations for biodiesel in TamilNadu, India. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 37 (4). pp. 875-897.

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Abstract

Jatropha curcas is promoted internationally for its presumed agronomic viability in marginal lands, economic returns for small farmers, and lack of competition with food crops. However, empirical results from a study in southern India revealed that Jatropha cultivation, even on agricultural lands, is neither profitable, nor pro-poor. We use a political ecology framework to analyse both the discourse promoting Jatropha cultivation and its empirical consequences. We deconstruct the shaky premises of the dominant discourse of Jatropha as a ‘propoor’ and ‘pro-wasteland’ development crop, a discourse that paints a win-win picture between poverty alleviation, natural resource regeneration, and energy security goals. We then draw from fieldwork on Jatropha plantations in the state of Tamil Nadu to show how Jatropha cultivation favours resource-rich farmers, while possibly reinforcing existing processes of marginalisation of small and marginal farmers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor & Francis
Uncontrolled Keywords: biofuels; political ecology; marginalisation; India; Jatropha
Subjects: C Publications by ATREEians > G Journal Papers
Divisions: Publications by ATREEians > Journal Papers
Depositing User: Users 12 not found.
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2013 06:55
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2019 09:49
URI: http://eprints.atree.org/id/eprint/40

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