Dissemination of Metarhizium anisopliae infection among the population of Odontotermes obesus (Isoptera: Termitidae) by augmenting the fungal conidia with attractants

Balachander, M and Remadevi , OK and Sasidharan, TO (2013) Dissemination of Metarhizium anisopliae infection among the population of Odontotermes obesus (Isoptera: Termitidae) by augmenting the fungal conidia with attractants. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology , 16 (3). pp. 199-208. ISSN 1226-8615

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Abstract

Long-term biocontrol strategies for termite management have limited success as the behavioral response exhibited by termites in the presence of entomopathogenic fungi was different. To minimize these responses, a study was conducted to attract the termites towards the treated area by augmenting fungal conidia with a mixture of attractants such as sugarcane bagasse, sawdust and cardboard powder. In laboratory experiments, mortality due to the horizontal transmission of Metarhizium anisopliae infection among Odontotermes obesus workers and soldiers was 50 to 98% and 16 to 78% for the five isolates tested. The foraging activity of workers and soldiers increased from 23 to 58% for IWST-Ma13 when conidia were mixed with attractants. In a field study, the weight loss of stakes treated with conidial attractant decreased to 10.9 g compared to dry conidial treatments (19.3 g) for IWST-Ma13 after five months. Similarly, the width of mud galleries covering the tree bark was reduced when treated with conidial baits and gunny bags containing conidial attractant. In treated mounds, as the Acoustic emission signal voltage decreased from the threshold voltage level, the relative magnitude signal (RMS) remains low after five months of treatments with that of the control. From this study it was observed that the mixing of conidia with attractants could augment the dissemination potential of fungal infection among the termites. By adapting attractant based Metarhizium baits and dusting of conidial attractant mixture inside mounds may augment the dissemination potential in epizootic transmission of fungal infection.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dissemination Augmentation Metarhizium Attractant Termite
Subjects: C Publications by ATREEians > G Journal Papers
Divisions: Publications by ATREEians > Journal Papers
Depositing User: Users 103 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2016 06:23
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2016 06:23
URI: http://eprints.atree.org/id/eprint/328

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