Role of Monitoring in Institutional Performance: Forest Management in Maharashtra, India

Ghate, Rucha and Ngendra, Harini (2005) Role of Monitoring in Institutional Performance: Forest Management in Maharashtra, India. Conservation and Society, 3 (2). pp. 509-532. ISSN 0972-4923

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In this article we examine the role of ‘monitoring’, believed to be crucial for effective participatory common property management. While governing a common pool resource such as forests, there may be conditions that tempt individuals to cheat and gain substantially higher benefits. This is disadvantageous for other participants, and can adversely affect resource condition. Monitoring includes ensuring rule compliance, dealing with infractions and guarding forest areas against outsider entry. Here we examine the impact of institutional structure on monitoring and, consequently, on the effectiveness of forest management. We examine the three most frequent approaches in India, namely community-initiated management, non-governmental organisation (NGO) promoted forest management, and state-sponsored Joint Forest Management (JFM). Through a comparison of 3 case studies in the Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra in central India, we conducted a detailed comparison of forests that are situated in similar bio climatic conditions and similar social environments. We assess community approaches to monitoring using detailed social interviews with communities and integrate this with an analysis of forest condition at the tree, sapling and seedling level using forest plot data. Our findings indicate that local enforcement has been most effective in the case where forest management was initiated by the community, with

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article copyright belongs to Authors
Uncontrolled Keywords: institutions, rule compliance, forest condition, monitoring, India
Subjects: C Publications by ATREEians > G Journal Papers
Divisions: Publications by ATREEians > Journal Papers
Depositing User: Users 103 not found.
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2016 08:42
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2016 08:42

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