Ant-pollination: A Rare and Enigmatic Mutualism

Shivanna, KR (2010) Ant-pollination: A Rare and Enigmatic Mutualism. The Botanica, 58. pp. 24-28.

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Abstract

Mutualism refers to interactions between species that result in reciprocal benefits. There are several mutualistic interactions between plants and animals. These mutualisms are in the form of a biological barter in which the resources of one species are exchanged with the services of the other. Mutual interactions are common between plants and ants (Beattie, 1985; Rico-Gray and Oliveira, 2007). Myrmecophily, particularly in species of Acacia, is one such mutualism in which plants possess structural adaptations that provide ants with food and/or shelter. In exchange, ants protect plants from herbivores. Ants also act as seed dispersal agents. Many plant species produce fruits or seeds with special ant attractants – arils or elaiosomes. Ants carry such fruits and seeds to their nest. After consuming the attractants, the seeds/fruits are discarded with other wastes either in the nest or outside the nest entrance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Publications by ATREEians > G Journal Papers
Divisions: Publications by ATREEians > Journal Papers
Depositing User: Users 103 not found.
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2017 06:04
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2017 06:04
URI: http://eprints.atree.org/id/eprint/220

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