Management Regimes, Property Rights, and Forest Biodiversity in Nepal and India

Nagendra, Harini and Gokhale, Yogesh (2008) Management Regimes, Property Rights, and Forest Biodiversity in Nepal and India. Environmental Management, 41. pp. 719-733.

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Abstract

This article compares a range of initiatives aimed at involving people in the management of forest resources in Nepal and India. In Nepal, we focus on three categories of state-initiated programs: community forestry,the parks’ buffer zone program, and leasehold forestry. In the southern Indian state of Karnataka, we study the state initiated Joint Forest Planning and Management program along with older institutions of leaf manure forests (Soppina betta) and historical sacred forests (Kans). We conclude that state-initiated approaches to involving communities have been limited, at best, promote standardized and relatively inflexible management practices, and lead to partial improvement in biodiversity and people’s livelihoods. When management is initiated and owned by the community, as in the case of sacred groves in India, and when other conditions are appropriate, communities can have the opportunity to demonstrate their capacity for putting effective and adaptive conservation practices in place.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article copyright belongs to Springer
Uncontrolled Keywords: Institutions � Biodiversity � Community forestry Joint forest management �Sacred groves South Asia
Subjects: C Publications by ATREEians > G Journal Papers
Divisions: Publications by ATREEians > Journal Papers
Depositing User: Users 103 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2016 06:47
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2016 06:47
URI: http://eprints.atree.org/id/eprint/109

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